UNFCCC - United Nation Framework Convention on Climate Change (Beginners)
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is an international environmental treaty ratified at the “Rio Earth Summit” in 1992. The Convention was then implemented by countries all around the world in 1994 to address the issue of climate change. Having entered into force on 21 March 1994, today it has near-universal membership.
The 197 countries that have ratified the Convention are called Parties to the Convention. The UNFCCC states that its objectives are to “stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system” and prevent human damage and interference with the climate system.
The UNFCCC meets yearly to take stock of progress in implementing its obligations under the treaty and to consider further actions to address the climate change threat. The Kyoto Protocol and more recent Paris Agreement are other landmark treaties that have emerged from these annual meetings. The Convention acknowledges the vulnerability of all countries to the effects of climate change and calls for special efforts to ease the consequences, especially in developing countries that lack the resources to do so on their own.
1. Topic A: Climate change as a contributor to wildfire emergencies
In recent years, climate change and how it causes forest fires has been a hot topic for
discussions. The world viewed the wildfires in California, Australia and the Amazon with big
sorrow and regret. Studies show that wildfires have indeed increased due to the change in
climate and will not decrease in mass and length if the world does not take a stance against
climate change and the lethality of it to our earth.
2. Topic B: International Geoengineering Policy
Geoengineering describes the technological measures countries can take to alter the climate,
usually to reduce global warming. Even though it is an artificial term, as of now, because
states have not finished geoengineering projects as of today, it is still a highly debated topic.
Who has the mandate to be investing in such projects? How do we make sure that this
technology will not be used for dangerous means, such as weaponry? Are the Oxford
Principles detailed enough to guide states who are investing in these projects? All these
questions and more will be discussed in this topic.
Dimitra Psychari is a 24-year-old law student at Cardiff University, reading an LLM inHuman rights. Next year she aspires to move to Israel and do a Masters in Israel studies and then work for international organizations or in the human rights sector. Regarding MUN, she started participating in conferences back in High School and she never looked back. She has undertaken many positions, existing or not existing, ranging from Delegate and Press Corps Reporter to Chair and Secretariat member. With MUN she also had the chance to visit many places in the UK, Greece, Germany, Spain, France, USA and of course Israel. In addition, during her undergraduate degree she was a board member for two years at Liverpool MUN society, helping in the organization of the weekly training sessions and the preparation of delegates for conferences.
Aside from MUN, she is engaged in her local Chabad group, campaigns for pro-Israel groups and occasionally watches rhythmic gymnastics and soccer. For Dimitra TLVMUN is (no bias at all!!!) the best international conference, this is why she is returning for the third time. This year she will be chairing the UNFCCC committee along with Julian and Caro and she is very excited about it. You will probably find her petting random cats and trying to speak to them in Hebrew or looking at terrible political memes. In our committee we have two very interesting and beginner-friendly topics and we can’t wait to meet all of you and engage in fruitful debates!! See you all in August!! (Imagine “Tel Aviv” by Omer Adam playing in the background).
Carolina Tellez is a Mexican student at John Cabot University. She was born and raised in Monterrey Mexico and now studies International Affairs and Economics and Finance in the beautiful city of Rome. Ever since she stepped into her first MUN conference 7 years ago, she knew helping her country through debating is what she wanted to do the rest of her life. She decided extend her MUN path in university, and it has continued to reward her by given her two of the most precious things in her life, a passion for what she believes in and friends around the world. She is thrilled to welcome you all to TLVMUN, share her knowledge but also learn from your passions and experience during the conference..
Julian is 21 years old. He is from Germany, more specifically from the countryside north of Frankfurt. He is currently in his third year of studying Biology/Environmental Science in Maastricht, The Netherlands, but is interested in pursuing environmental policy and international relations further in the future. He is part of UNSA Maastricht and the secretariat of EuroMUN 2020. For the last academic year, he was part of the UNSA Permanent Delegation. He has been a delegate at eight conferences across five different countries. It will be his second year at TLVMUN and his second time chairing there. His interests include of course science and politics, but another passion is memes, which he hopes to see plenty of in the UNFCCC committee.