European Council (EC - Advanced):
The European Council was established as an informal summit in 1975 and later was formalized as an institution in 2009 due to the founding of the Lisbon Treaty. The European Council calls upon defining the EU’s overall political direction and priorities.
The council does not have any legislative power thus can not adopt any EU laws. However, it sets the EU’s agenda through “conclusions” and could provide impetus to guide legislative policy. Also, this body considered strategic and crisis-solving. The European Council meets twice every six months at Brussels.
The European Council is the primary forum for the political leaders to discuss shared issues or bring those to the attention of other leaders. While the result is mostly a conclusion which is passed by consensus, the value of discussion, confrontation and dialogue cannot be understated. Within each conclusion, a variety of issues are addressed under separate sections.
Trade through Challenges:
The European Union is facing many agendas and challenges as being a body that is made up by no less than 27 countries with different governments and goals. Many obstacles have been on the agenda of during these last years and were concerning many subjects from climate change to terrorism, and not to mention “Brexit”. This European Council will have one umbrella topic which will cover three sub-topics that are binding and connecting to each other.
1. Sustainable Energy Resources (Climate Change)
This is a highly regarded topic in the European Union. Whether you are talking about the classic sustainable energy resources, such as solar, hydro and wind power, or other forms, like biofuels, kerosene, ethanol and sugarcane, which could replace the classic ones. How do we combine sustainable energy resources with trade inside as well as outside the European Union?
2. A common European Policy on the Distribution of Refugees (Fear of Terror)
Trade does not only mean trade in goods but also in services. In this case, the European Union has had a very difficult time dealing with refugees and how to form a common policy, seeing as some countries view it as a national security issue. A rise in xenophobia and hate has caused various countries in the European Union to stop refugees from coming in. Will the European Union uphold its internal security and will there ever be a common European policy on the distribution of refugees?
3. Post-Brexit Era - The widening of the EU geographical borders (Partners)
Not only has the European Union been debating long about what to do with Britain now that Brexit has happened and how to renew their partnership with them, but also on whether they should look more eastwards. A lot of candidates have applied to be part of the Union, such as North Macedonia, Serbia and Montenegro but do not necessarily have all the qualifications to become a member. Other questions such as with who and to what extent do the European Union should trade? Will the European Union try to expand and help the applicants achieve the criteria or will it try to keep its borders firm?
Theodora-Iliana Papacharalampous is a law graduate with a Master’s Degree in Public International Law from the University of Athens, Greece. Furthermore, she pursued a Minor of Environmental Studies and a Minor of Environmental Management at the American College of Greece-DEREE. She is currently working at the Legal Department of the Regulatory Authority for Energy-Greece. She has attended many simulations in Greece and abroad and participated in two moot court competitions on space and air law representing her university. Last but not least, she is a traveler, volunteer, passionate about languages (speaks 6 for now) and loves reading books. Her favorite motto is ‘Nothing is impossible, anything can be done with confidence’.
Lukas Probst is an Austrian student in his Sophomore year at John Cabot University, studying International Business with a minor in Economics and Communications.
He was born in Malaysia and has moved around all throughout his life. As a Third Culture Kid, he finds his home now in Italy, the 8th country he has lived in. To further his international upbringing, he decided to attend a multicultural and diverse university in the heart of Rome. He loves sport, music, cooking, cats and debating, having been a part of Model United Nations since early high school. These conferences have sparked in him a passion for debate and negotiations, something he hopes to continue in his future career.
Model United Nations has been one of the most challenging and rewarding undertakings of his life and as such he is incredibly honored to contribute to the development of TLVMUN and he is incredibly excited to meet all of you in the great city of Tel Aviv!
Egan Paquay is a 20 year old Belgian Luxembourger currently in his first year at the University of St. Gallen in Switzerland. He plans on studying Business Administration next year. TLVMUN 2020 will be his sixth conference and his first as chair in MUN, although he has had previous chairing experience in the Model European Parliament. Academically, he is interested in history, geography and politics (especially European politics). He also has a passion for music, languages and Internet culture. Egan is looking forward to a conference which will not only try to answer questions about our world but also questions about ourselves. See you soon!