European Council (EC - Advanced):

The European Council was established as an informal summit in 1975 and later was formalized as an institution in 2009 due to the founding of the Lisbon Treaty. The European Council calls upon defining the EU’s overall political direction and priorities.

 

The council does not have any legislative power thus can not adopt any EU laws. However, it sets the EU’s agenda through “conclusions” and could provide impetus to guide legislative policy. Also, this body considered strategic and crisis-solving. The European Council meets twice every six months at Brussels.

 

The European Council is the primary forum for the political leaders to discuss shared issues or bring those to the attention of other leaders. While the result is mostly a conclusion which is passed by consensus, the value of discussion, confrontation and dialogue cannot be understated. Within each conclusion, a variety of issues are addressed under separate sections.

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